The Dutch Amateur Radio Emergency Service (DARES), aims to make and keep the knowledge and skills of licensed radio amateurs and registered short wave listeners available to support professional relief services in mitigating disasters and other large-scale incidents at the national and international level.
DARES focuses itself to provide a part of the radio communication at incidents and emergency situations
Our emphasis is on communications support for evacuations, shelter and care. In the vision of the DARES foundation licensed radio amateurs can contribute to increase the self reliance of the citizens in the Netherlands.
This goal will be achieved by organising motivated, knowledgeable and properly equipped radioamateurs and by providing the required support to them to deal with the incident.
The DARES Foundation or in Dutch: Stichting DARES, Radiocommunicatie bij Calamiteiten en Noodsitiuaties was officially founded on 12th May 2004. The Foundation is registered at the Dutch Chamber of Commerce under number 28101264.
DARES is recognised by the Dutch Ministry of Internal Affairs and Kingdom relations and is a not for profit Foundation
DARES® is a registered trademark owned by the Foundation.
Please see the Bestuur/Board item on the topmenu for an overview of the Board of the Foundation.
To make and keep the skills and knowledge of formally licensed radio amateurs available for the support of professional relief organisations, city and other civil organisations when mitigating disasters en other large scale incidents, by providing radio communication in the widest sense, within the conditions set by the authorities.
The foundation aims to achieve this goal by organising motivated, skilled and properly equipped radio amateurs and by arranging meetings where these radio amateurs can maintain and test their knowledge and skills.
The added value of DARES is especially obvious in providing communication for municipal and other civil organisations. Where fire brigades, police force and ambulance services have their own communication networks and procedures, at large-scale incidents and disasters an average municipality will rapidly become limited with respect to its communication capabilities.
As an example think of the departments of Civil Affairs and social services which are responsible for the evacuation, registration and care of large groups of people. The DARES Board has also concluded that the "welfare" communication of affected citizens to their relatives elsewhere is an important service that DARES could provide. As an illustration: we want to make speech an data communication possible from a City Hall in municipality X with shelters Y and Z and think that VHF/UHF speech and a data network will be necessary.
The civil servants in City Hall at X thereby get support of DARES-operators who will forward large amounts of data (names of evacuees, missing persons etc.) to other strategic places in the municipality X and the neighbouring region.Also staff from the government, water management and energy companies that take positions on strategically important spots in
the affected area will, using the support of DARES-operators, be able to communicate with their colleagues in the command centres or elsewhere.
Procedures, selected techniques and frequency plans will be determined at the national level and made available to the DARES-participants and other radio amateurs. That does not mean that we want regulate really everything centrally; but the framework will have to be uniform so we can interoperate.
DARES has signed and agreement with the Dutch central call centre for the ambulance services the LMAZ, for the DARES participants to be mobilised over the national P2000 paging system. An authority that wants to page DARES does so via the LMAZ. The DARES board will then contact that authority, asses the requirements and available resources, after which regional coordinators and participants will be paged.
The Board of the Foundation is the convinced that this way we will prove to be able to provide a substantial and permanent contribution to the mitigation of the effects of events of which we hope that they will never happen but of which are unfortunately statistically certain that they will take place much.
DARES Frequency plan
Within the radio spectrum a number of band segments have been made available to the licensed radio amateur. Through international consultation between radio amateur organisations it has been agreed how these segments are to d be used by drawing up voluntary band plans. The DARES foundation operates within the national band plan for the Netherlands, defining the frequencies and modes to be used in a DARES frequency plan for national and international emergency communication by amateur radio.
National and regional coordinators are requested to use these frequencies as much as possible and to monitor these frequencies in applicable situations.
Please see the menu item 'Frequenties' for an overview of the plan.
The DARES organisation is divided into DARES regions that align with the national civil protection regions. Every DARES-region has a coordinator that is formally appointed by the Board of DARES. The region coordinator is the first point of contact for the radio amateurs in the region and maintains the contacts with the national organisation. The region coordinator is also responsible for setting-up and maintaining of the regional DARES-station.
In each region several DARES-groups can be formed on the basis of existing clubs sections, group of friends and the like.
Every licensed radio amateur is free to set-up a DARES-group in his area. Such a DARES-group is expected to subscribe to the mission, objectives and policies of DARES.
The Dutch authorities have the vision that in case of a large scale disaster any Safety Region will need the support of other regions. DARES has the same view for its own organisation. The intention is that at an initial call-out at first surrounding DARES regions will be mobilised and soon the other regions thereafter. Firstly, the authorities will only call for the support by DARES when a real communications shortage is present. Secondly, radio amateurs within the affected region will want and have to give priority to their own safety.
Please see 'Regionale Indeling' for a list of regions that exist, with a link to their websites. These regional pages are independend from the national site. These are mainly intended for regional information on local activities are arranged and maintained by the region.
Within an organisation such as DARES standardisation is very important. It enables coherence in the way we work and allows the quick interchange of equipment.
13.8V Power connector
Given the results of an external test report, the Board has decided to choose for the 4-pole Neutrik Speakon connector for 13.8 Volts interconnections.
TRX connector on a TNC
DARES has standardised on the 5-pole, 180 degree DIN connector for the connection between a Transceiver and a TNC.
The DARES working group on digital modes has defined RMS / WINLINK 2000 as the standard for the interchange of digital information.
FLOODex photo's courtesy Arthur Wijnen Photography